The treatment of cancer can be done through several different methods. In addition to more modern methods like interventional radiology and immunotherapy, cancer treatments also include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
These types of treatment are explained below:
There are numerous cancer therapies available. The type of cancer and its stage, overall health, and personal preferences are just a few of the variables that will affect someone’s treatment options.
The patient can assess the advantages and disadvantages of each cancer treatment with the help of your doctor to decide which is best for you.
Options for cancer treatment include:
Surgery’s main objective is to completely remove the malignancy, if possible. It’s the most common type of cancer treatment which helps to remove the whole tumor.
Most of the time when the cancer has not spread to the other parts of the body, doctors usually prescribe the patient to go under surgery.
Drugs are used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells. These drugs are powerful and they are used to kill or destroy the cancerous cells in the body.
This method is used as the main treatment course or with a combination of other treatment methods. Mostly after surgery, patients are advised to take chemotherapy so that it can remove the remaining cancer cells from the body and reduce the risk of recurrence.
If the size of tumor is very large, doctors give the patients chemotherapy before surgery as well to reduce the size of tumor. Chemotherapy cost in India is the lowest in the world and hence many people from different countries prefer to go to India for their treatment.
High-powered energy beams, such X-rays or protons, are used in radiation therapy to kill cancer cells.
Radiation therapy devices can either be implanted inside or outside of your body (external beam radiation) (brachytherapy).
The biological therapy known as immunotherapy makes use of the immune system to treat cancer.
Because your immune system does not detect cancer as an outside invader, it can thrive unchecked inside your body. Patient’s immune system can “see” the cancer and fight it with the aid of immunotherapy.
The patient’s body’s hormones can fuel certain cancers. Breast cancer and prostate cancer are two examples.
It may be possible to inhibit the growth of the cancer cells by eliminating those hormones from the body or by blocking their effects.
Targeted drug therapy-
Targeted medication therapy focuses on particular cancer cell defects that enable cancer cells to survive. In this therapy, a drug which helps to inhibit the growth-promoting genes or proteins stops the cancer cells from growing.
A normal cell usually has a control system that controls the growth of the cell but cancer cells have defects in the control signal and hence divide rapidly. Targeted drug therapy aids in controlling the division of the cells.
Surgery, radiation, drugs, and other therapies are used in cancer treatment to eradicate cancer, reduce cancer, or halt the spread of cancer.
There are other upcoming cancer treatments in the market for different types of cancers. New methods are evolving day by day to increase the efficiency of cancer treatment.
The purpose of cancer treatment is to eliminate your cancer and provide you a normal life expectancy.
Depending on your particular circumstances, this might or might not be doable. If a cure is not achievable, the treatments may be used to reduce the size of the cancer or slow its growth in order to prolong your period of symptom-free living.