Varicose veins, also known as varicosis, are twisted, enlarged, swollen veins that appear bluish, purplish, or red. They mainly affect the legs. Blood in the veins is prevented from flowing backwards by valves. If these valves get damaged, blood flows in both directions, leading to pooling and varicose veins. Although varicose veins are not a severe medical problem, they can be uncomfortable and may lead to severe complications if left untreated. It is essential to visit Dr. Nirav Patel Yonkers for early treatment of varicose. There are many treatment options available for varicose veins, and here are some.
Compression stockings or socks
Compression stockings exact pressure on the varicose veins to improve blood circulation. They are mainly used on lower legs, usually tight around the ankles and loosen up the leg. These socks help correct blood flow upward, against gravity back to the heart. Compression stockings help to reduce discomfort, pain, and swelling. These stockings may turn your skin dry and flaky. If this happens, you can consult your doctor.
Transilluminated powered phlebectomy
Your doctor will administer local or general anesthesia. The specialist makes an incision under the skin around the affected site. An endoscopic transilluminator, a special light is inserted to see the veins that need to be taken out. The doctor cuts and removes the target veins with a suction device. You may experience some bleeding and bruising after the procedure, but your specialist will help you manage it.
Endovenous laser treatment
Endovenous laser treatment is done under local anesthesia. Your doctor inserts a catheter into your vein, threads a small laser in it, and places it on the target vein. This catheter conveys short energy that heats and bursts the vein, sealing it shut. An ultrasound scan helps the doctor move the laser through the affected vein to burn and close all of it. In some cases, you might experience a minor nerve injury.
Radiofrequency ablation is mainly used in large varicose veins. With the aid of an ultrasound, your doctor makes a small incision around the knee. Your specialist inserts a catheter carefully into your vein. The professional then inserts a probe into the catheter emitting radiofrequency energy in the vein causing its walls to collapse, closing, and sealing it. The treatment is done under local anesthesia.
Sclerotherapy treatment is used in small and medium-sized varicose veins. The doctor injects a particular chemical into the affected vein that scars and closes it. This method reduces inflammation and causes vein shrinking. The veins will gradually fade a few weeks later. Sometimes you may need several injection appointments to finish the condition.
Surgery is done in some patients with large varicose veins. This technique needs to be carried out under general anesthesia. The surgeon completely removes the infected veins for effective healing. You can have the surgery done and go home the same day. In cases where the surgery involves both legs, you may need to spend a night in the hospital.
You can reduce pain and prevent worsening of varicose veins by self-care practices like exercising, avoiding prolonged standing, and routine leg raising to improve blood circulation. Schedule an appointment at Premier Vascular for varicose veins treatment.